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PATHOLOGY REVIEW
Question Answer
Brunio Shirly
Brunio Mars
Brunio Shan Mark
Brunio Selwyn Mhar
1) Disease caused by defect in genetic code. Genetic diseased.
2) Disease caused by deficiency of an essential vitamin or nutrient. Deficiency disease
3) Disease caused by virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa or parasite; transferred by reservoir, or other source of infection. Infectious/communicate disease.
4) Excessive and inappropriate response of immune system where the body immune system mistakes the body own tissue as a foreign material Auto-immune disease.
5) Disorder present at birth… Congenital disorder
6) Disease that causes tissue breakdown by over use or as result of aging Degenerative disease
7) Disease that causes a physiological dysfunction that distorts the body metabolism. Metabolic disease
8) Uncontrollable growth of abnormal and purpose less cells; growth of these cells form a mass called tumor Cancerous disease
9) Disease caused by an injury that disrupts the homeostasis of the body Traumatic disease
A. Condition of abnormal function in the body. Disease
B. The study of diseases Pathology
C. Determines the presence of disease Diagnosis
D. Prediction of the likely outcome of, and chances of recovery from, a disease. Prognosis
E. Objective indicators of a disease that are obvious to someone other than the affected individual, such as swelling, rashes fever, or high blood pressure. Sign
F. Subjective indicators of a disease that only the affected person can experience, such as headache, nausea, pain, and anxiety. Symptom
G. Not presenting any symptoms of a disease. Asymptomatic
H. A group of signs and symptoms occurring together that define a particular disease Syndrome
I. The cause of origin of a particular disease. Etiology
J. A disease that has no know cause? Idiopathic
K. Any tendency that can increase the likelihood of developing a disease or injury, such as age, lifestyle, and environment Risk factor
L. A disease confined to one organ or general area of the body?local disease Local disease
M. A disease that affects multiple organs or the entire body? Systemic disease
N. Diseases with a rapid onset that usually run a brief course and are resolved fairly quickly Acute disease
O. Diseases that often have a gradual onset, with more subtle or mild symptoms and last longer than six months or even a lifetime? Chronic disease
P. A temporary period of a decrease or disappearance of the signs and symptoms of a disease Remission
Q. An increase of sign and symptom of a disease? Exacerbation
R. Condition that arise after the onset of the original disease? Complication
S. Occurs when a disease affects a significant number of people at a particular time within a given region Epidemic
T. Involves large numbers of people in several regions. Pandemic
U. The incidence of a disease within the group area. Morbidity
V. The simultaneous presence of two or more chronic diseases in a patient Comorbidity
W. The relative frequency of deaths resulting from a disease in a given time period or population Mortality
X. The number of new cases of a disease within a population during a time period Incidence
Y. The amount of current cases of a disease within a population during a time period Prevalence
Z. Refers to when a massage or massage technique is inappropriate, not advised, or may be harmful to your client Contraindications
Wash and dry hands thoroughly before and after each massage. True or False True
Reusable gloves are to be worn anytime the therapist has an open wound on the hands. True or False False
Disinfecting equipment and supplies is good a good practice. True / False True
Avoid massaging clients who are ill. True or False True
True or False: The first thing that the therapist must do before anything else when treating a client with cancer regardless of stage, treatments, prognosis, signs or symptoms is to obtain permission from their doctor. True
True or False Of the following questions, which are the most important intake questions for your cancer client? When was your most recent bowel movement? False >>> What type of cancer do you have? True >>> What treatment are you undergoing for your cancer? True >>> What are your current signs and symptoms? True
What is metastasis/ metastazing? The process of spreading of malignant tumors.
Define the naming rule for a benign tumor and name the following based on the tissue: glandular tissue, bone, cartilage, and fibrous connective tissue. The suffix of SOMA is added to the end of the root word adenoma ,osteopath , chondroma, fibromyalgia.
Define the naming rule for a malignant tumor and name the following based on the tissue: glandular, bone, cartilage. The suffix of CARCINOMA is added to the end of epithelial tissues while SARCOMA is added to connective tissue. ADENOCARCINOMA, OSTEOSARCOMA, CHONDROSARCOMA.
List in order of most common to least common the skin cancers: 1) Most Common = 2) Somewhat Common = 3) Least Common 1) Most Common = Basal cell carcinoma 2) Somewhat Common = squamous cell carcinoma 3) Least Common = malignant melanoma
List in order the skin cancers from least severe to most severe: 1) Least Severe = 2) Somewhat Severe = 3) Most Severe = 1) Least Severe = Basal cell carcinoma 2) Somewhat Severe = squamous cell carcinoma 3) Most Severe = malignant melanoma
The human papilloma virus (HPV) is known to cause what type of cancer?(circle one) Cervical
What is definition of lesion? Any deviation from surrounding tissue.
True or False: Contact Dermatitis has no limitations in regard to massage considerations. False
True or False: Shingles presents as several patches of elevated skin covered in dry plaques of silvery-white skin. False
True
True or False: Shingles is contraindicated until the client is completely healed. True
Massage can be perform on a client with excema but the pressure should be adjusted over the sensitive areas. True
What is the different between LICE, NITS and SCABIES? LICE are contagious wingless parasites. NITES are like eggs on hair shaft. SCABIES are contagious borrowing parasites mites.
Match the pathology with agent that is Etiology; (A) bacteria. (B) fungus (c) Virus 1) Athletes foot = fungus2) cold sores = Virus3) Ringworm = fungus4) impetigo = bacteria5) acne = bacteria6) warts = virus
Which of the following cardiovascular disorders is also a genetic disorder? Hemophilia
True /False. Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis. True / False. the hardening of the small sized arteries. True / False. is due to the collection of plaques > A type of arteriosclerosis ; TRUE> is the hardening of small size arteries; FALSE – Medium to Large> Is due to collection of plaques; TRUE
True or False. Hypertension is defined as. > Blood pressure persistently above 140/90; TRUE> Blood pressure persistently above 120/80; FALSE> Blood pressure persistently above 140; TRUE> Blood pressure persistently above 90; TRUE
Varicose veins located at the anus or rectum are known as: Hemmoroids
List the three (3) causes of a myocardial infarction/heart attack; 1) Thrombus build up from atherosclerosis 2) Thromoembolus3) Vasospasm
What type of medication would your client who had a thrombosis be taking? Anticoagulants
Brunio Sean Micheal
What condition develops from ischemia to the myocardial cells? Angina pectors
Progressive damage and eventual loss of articular cartilage Osteoarthritis
The course of Disease is mark by exacerbation and remission. Rheumatoid arthritis
Stiffness, decrease ROM become more severe. Osteoarthritis
Bouchard nodes or heberden nodes are classic sign.autoimmune, chronic, inflammatory and systemic sign of arthritis. Osteoarthritis
Autoimmune, chronic, inflammatory and systemic sign of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis
Hand deformities, such as ulnar deviation, swan neck deformity, and boutonniare deformity begin with general inflammation. e,g., fever fatigue stiffness and aching. Rheumatoid arthritis
Begin with general inflammation. e,g., fever fatigue stiffness and aching. Rheumatoid arthritis
True or False: RA is due to wear and tear on joints? False
True or False: RA has pannus in the joint after the synovial membrane has been destructed ? True
True or False: RA more commonly affects women than men while OA affects both men and women equally? True
Disease that is commonly associated with post menopausal women. Osteoporosis
Which of following developed into crystal that are associated with gout. Uric acid
What are the most common sign and symptoms of gouty arthritis. Excruciating pain at the base of gout of great toe the skin is red swallow, hot, painful.
Rush that reassembles a target symbol or a bulls eye is related to which of the following. Lyme Disease
True or False: In regards to the sign / symptoms of muscular dystrophy.- Loss of strength True
True or False: In regards to the sign / symptoms of muscular dystrophy.- Lack of coordination. True
True or False: In regards to the sign / symptoms of muscular dystrophy.- Progressive deformity. True
True or False: In regards to the sign / symptoms of muscular dystrophy.- Eventually becomes a disability. True
What does MS stand for and what happens in this condition. Multiple sclerosis involves the demyelination of neutrons in CNS.
True or False : In regards to cerebral palsy.( CP )- It involves impaired muscle tone, posture, movement, and speech. True
True or False : In regards to cerebral palsy.( CP )- It is contagious. False
True or False : In regards to cerebral palsy.( CP ) – There should be no focus on muscle tone and proprioception. False
True or False : In regards to cerebral palsy.( CP )- Be sensitive to non – verbal communication. True
Which of the following condition is caused by viral or bacterial infection lead to an inflammation of the meninges? Meningitis
Define Dystonia. Neurological movement disorder characterized by continuous intermitter, involuntary muscle contraction that cause twisting of the body into abnormal posture by repetitive motion.
Define Seizure Disorder. A neurologic Disorder characterized by explosive episode of uncontrolled by excessive electrical activities in the brain.
What are the symptom of meningitis. Symptom meningitis mimic the flu, client may experience a severe throbbing headache, chill fever, sensitivity to light muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck, confusion bruise like rash.
Compare the difference between chronic fatigue syndrome and influenza. Focus on massage consideration. Massage is indicated for the client w/ chronic fatigue syndrome, but it is contraindicated for the client w/ common cold / flu.
What are the massage consideration / treatment option for client w/ asthma. Specific attention to breathing muscle to improve efficiently of breathing and reduce fatigue.
True or False : Tuberculosis is not contagious. False
Which of the following is the temporary cessation of breathing or absence of spontaneous breathing during sleep? Sleep Apnea
A) Inflammation of the bronchial mucosa and mucus hypersecration . Bronchitis
A chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways. Asthma
A contagious lung infection, it has two main stages, primary and secondary. Tuberculosis
An acute or chronic inflammation of the mucosal lining of the paranasal sinuses. Sinusitis
Edema may be caused by ( definition of Edema ) Abnormal accumulation of fluids from an overloaded lymph transport system into the surrounding tissues.
Match the terms with their correct definition.- Infection of the Lymph Nodes. Lymphadenitis
Match the terms with their correct definition- Infection of the Lymphangions. Lymphangitis
What are Lymphangions? Lymphatic vessels & lymphatic capillaries
True or False: Avoid vigorous massage to affected area. True
True or False: Elevate the affected area. True
True or False: Massage distal to the affected area. False
Match the different types of Edema:A) Edema is an extremity Peripheral Edema
Match the different types of Edema:B) Type of peripheral Edema found in gravity dependent areas of the lower extremity. Defendant Edema
Match the different types of Edema:C) Edema seen allergic reactions. Angioedema
Match the different types of Edema:D) Edema that leaves a pit or dent in skin once compressed and released. Pitting Edema
Match condition with proper description (A) Hyperthyriodism (B) Hypothyroidism1) Grave Disease Hyperthyroidism
Match condition with proper description (A) Hyperthyriodism (B) Hypothyroidism2) Myxedema Hypothyroidism
Match condition with proper description (A) Hyperthyriodism (B) Hypothyroidism3) Cretinism Hypothyroidism
Match condition with proper description (A) Hyperthyriodism (B) Hypothyroidism4) Hashimotoa??s Thyroiditis Hypothyroidism
Which of the following conditions would be describes as an endocrine Disorder and an autoimmune disease? Grave Disease
Which of the following viruses causes infectious mononucleosis ( MONO ) Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)
True or False in respect to Diabetes: Diabetes mellitus involves the insufficient production or reception of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) False
True or False: Diabetes insipidus is known as type 1 and Diabetes mellitus is known as type 2. False
True or False: Diabetes mellitus is know type 1 and Diabetes insipidus is known type 2. False
True or False: Diabetes insipidus involves the insufficient production or reception of insulin. False
True or False: It is within our parameters to offer our diabetic client something sweet if they are felling little dizzy, disoriented and cold and clammy. True
True or False: When treating a client with diabetic neuropathy.- A lighter than normal pressure should be used on the areas affected. True
True or False: When treating a client with diabetic neuropathy.- The client may not be aware that they have one. True
True or False: When treating a client with diabetic neuropathy.- You should ask your client if they have notice any reduce sensations. True
Which of the following are impaired or can be cause by Diabetes? Vision, Amputation, Kidney Disease, CV Disease, Ulcer, Neuropathies, Gangrene
True or False : Working thru clothes may be suitable option. False
True or False : Giving them a chair massage is not suitable option. False
True or False : Leaving the door open during massage may be suitable for some session. True
A) Depression that occurs in relation to the seasons, most commonly the winter months when the day length is shorter and less natural sunlight is available. Seasonal Affected Disorder ( SAD )
B) A Disorder that involves periods of depressive and manic episodes leading to dramatic mood swings. Bipolar Disorder
C) The delayed response of extreme anxiety resulting from terrifying or life threatening event. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
True or False: Your Treatment should be relaxing and nurturing. True
True or False: Your Treatment should not be vigorous and reduce the treatment time if client feeling emotion True
True or False: Be prepared to take a comport break or stop the session if client feeling emotionally. True
True or False: Ask the client of any known triggers and eliminate these trigger as to not cause the client anxiety. True
True or False: Use a heavier than usual draping material and avoid vigorous or aggressive massage. True
True or False in regards to a client with constipation: It is not appropriate for us to treat a client with constipation. False
True or False in regard to Celiac Disease – Celiac Disease is hypersensitivity to gluten there is destruction of the intestinal villi. True
True or False in regard to Celiac Disease – The symptom of Celiac disease include reduce appetite, intermittent diarrhea, weight loss, fatigue, flatulence, bloating and dermatitis. True
True or False in regard to Celiac Disease – Massage is contraindicated for client with celiac disease. False
Your clients complains of a heartburn type pain a burning felling in the lower middle chest area, what condition do you suspect your client has. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease ( GERD )
Define Cholelithiasis: Where would find it? Where is located in the body? Gall stone are seem in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen at the area of gallbladder.
Which of the following terms are also used to described kidney stones? Renal Calculi, Urolithiasis, Renal Lithiasis
Fill The Blanks: Drugs treating thromboembolic Disease; breakdown clots that have formed. Thrombolytics
Fill The Blanks: Drug that are commonly known as pain killer. Analgesic
Fill The Blanks: Drugs that manage pain, treat auto-immune and allergic disorder; reduce tissue and organ transplantation rejection. Corticosteroids
Fill The Blanks: Drug that treat heart rhythm disorder; ( called arrhythmias )and to lessen the symptoms associated with them. Antiarrhythic drugs
Fill The Blanks: Drugs that treat inflammation and manage mild to moderate pain. NSAIDS
Fill The Blanks: Drugs that block the alpha receptors on blood vessels walls, causing relaxation and dilation of vascular walls and eventually decrease blood pressure. Alpha receptor Drugs
Fill The Blanks: Drugs that prevent or reduce the ability the blood to form clots( decrease blood clotting) Anticogulants and Antithrombotics
Fill The Blanks: Drugs that prevent seizure or use to manage epilepsy. Anti- convulsants
Fill The Blanks: Drugs that treat hypertension and congestive heart failure by increasing urine formation and excretion. Diuretics
Fill The Blanks: Drugs that smooth muscle in blood vessels, walls, causing them to dilate; used to treat angina pectoris, hypertension and congestive heart failure. Vasodilators
Fill The Blanks: Drug that are used in the Treatment of depression and other condition ( such as anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder ,obsessive compulsive disorder, eating disorder, migraine headache Anti-depressant Drugs
Fill The Blanks: Drugs that are also called calcium antagonist, used to relive angina pectoris, treat hypertension, control arrhythmias, and prevent migraines. Calcium Channel blockers
What condition is inflammation on the urinary bladder. Cystitis
True or False: UTI may cause painful and burning ruination ? True
True or False: UTI may cause an increase frequency to urinate. True
True or False: UTI is most commonly caused by viruses. False
What condition is the Infection of the glomerulus. Glomernlonephritis
What condition is the formation of multiple grapelike cyst in the kidney. Poly cystic kidney disease
What are the Massage contraindication for kidney stone? Avoid percussion over the kidneys, massage is contraindicated
Which of the following are pathologies of the prostate? Prostatic Carcinoma, Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, Prostatitis
How would you manage your menopausal client? What are some of the massage consideration? Avoid overheating her or ask how to make her comfortable
Match the causative agent with the sexual transmitted infections.A) Chlamydia trachomatis ( Bacterium ) Chlamydia
Match the causative agent with the sexual transmitted infections.B) Neisseria Gonorrhea ( Bacterium ) Gonorrhoea
Match the causative agent with the sexual transmitted infections.C) Treponema Pallidum ( Bacterium ) Syphilis
Match the causative agent with the sexual transmitted infections.D) Herpes Simplex Virus Genital herpes
Match the causative agent with the sexual transmitted infections.E) Human Papilloma Virus Genital Warts
Define stand precautions. Protocols to create a uniformity to protect against infectious fluids
True or False: The therapist must gain permission from client, Doctor,Nurse or family before massage begin in a Hospital. True
True or False: If a doctors need to consult w/ patient part way through a massage you can ask doctor to come back when massage is finished. False
Which of the following are classified as potentially infectious body fluids( check all that apply ) Saliva,Breast milk, Semen, Vaginal secretion, Blood, urine
True or False: The pressure applied to the elderly can be the same as applied to middle aged client? True
True or False: Deep Tissue Techniques and long Massage session are not appropriate for frail weak clients. True
True or False: When taking to the elderly, you need to speak clearly and loudly if they are hard of hearing. True
True or False: Returning your unused linens back to the clean linens cart. False
True or False: Washing your hands throughly before and after the massage session. True
True or False: Obeying the cautions ( gowning and gloves ) as noted on the clients door. True
True or False: Rescheduling your session if you are ill / sick True

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