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World War 1
Question Answer
What date did WW1 start? 28th July 1914.
What date did WW1 end? 11th November 1918.
How many Australian soldiers died? More than 60,000 were killed.
WW1 is also known as the "_______" War. WW1 is also known was the Great War.
What do we call the day we celebrate each year to mark the end of WW1? Remembrance Day.
What date is Remembrance day celebrated on? It's celebrated on the 11th of November.
Who was assassinated in 1914 that led to the beginning of WW1? Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Where is Victoria's (Australia) main memorial site and what is it called? The Shrine of Remembrance is located in Melbourne.
On what date was Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated? 28th June 1914.
Who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand? Gavrilo Princip.
How did people view war in early 1914? They saw it as romantic and that you'd be a hero to your own country.
What is conscription? Also called the draft, conscription legally requires people to join the army, with penalties if they don’t.
What is an arms race? An arms race, in its original usage, is a competition between two or more states to have the best armed forces. Each party competes to produce more weapons, larger military, superior military technology, etc. in a technological escalation.
Why was Europe described as a "powder keg waiting for a spark to ignite an explosion" in 1914?
What is nationalism? Loyalty and devotion to a nation.
What is imperialism? To be ruled by an emperor (e.g Edo period of japan).
What is an alliance? A union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations.
Why are alliances benefitting? One of the most important reasons is to gain access to another countries's knowledge or resources.
What problem might countries face when they are in an alliance with other countries that go to war?
Who was apart of the triple alliance? Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
Why was the triple alliance formed? To give each other military support in case of a war. The Alliance agreement stated it was 'essentially defensive and conservative' with the aim of stopping anyone who 'might threaten' the three nations.
Who was apart of the triple Entente? France, Russia, and Great Britain.
Why was the triple Entente formed?
In 1914, why was there so much tension in the Balkans?
What does an ultimatum mean? A final, uncompromising demand or set of terms issued by a party to a dispute, the rejection of which may lead to a severance of relations or to the use of force.
What gave Austria an excuse to declare war on Serbia?
On what date did Britain enter the war? 4th August 1914.
Why Britain enter enter the war?
Why did Australia enter the war? When Britain declared war on Germany, Australia (part of the British Empire) was also obligated to enter the war.
WW1 was fought between how many main groups of countries? 32 countries fought in WW1.
Who was apart of the Allies? The Allies included Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States.
Who was apart of the central powers? The Central Powers included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.
What were the two ‘fronts’ in Europe called?
Who was Germany fighting on the Western front?
Who was Germany fighting on the Eastern front?
Why did Germany’s plan to attack France on the western front fail in 1914?
What is a "u-boat"? A German submarine used during WW1.
What does it mean to ‘enlist’? To enroll or be enrolled in the armed services.
Why did Australian soldiers enlist?
What does ANZAC stand for? Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
What places did the ANZAC’s mainly fight in?
Where is Gallipoli? Gallipoli is located in the southern part of East Thrace, in Turkey.
When did fighting in Gallipoli take place? Started in February-March 1915, although the major land invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula was on April 25th, involving British and French troops as well as divisions of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC).
Why did they attack the Gallipoli peninsula?
How many Australians died at the landing of Gallipoli? 747 Australians died on the first day.
What was the date of the landing at Gallipoli? April 25th 1915.
What was the name of the man who led his donkey to and from the front line and stretchered many wounded away and saving their lives? John Simpson Kirkpatrick.
What is ‘no-man's-land’?
What date did the ANZAC’s retreat from Gallipoli? The evacuation of Anzac began on 15 December, but the last party left in the early hours of the 20th December, the night of the last evacuation from Suvla.
What does a ‘stalemate’ mean?
Where did the main fighting in WW1 take place? (e.g. air, trenches, sea)
What was trench foot? Trench foot is a medical condition caused by prolonged exposure of the feet to damp, unsanitary, and cold conditions. The use of the word trench in the name of this condition is a reference to trench warfare, mainly associated with World War I
How long where the trenches across Europe?
What pattern where the trenches designed in?
What was a toilet in a trench called? The regulation Trench Latrine in the Great War was supposed to be dug in pits 4-5 feet deep in special saps dug often at the rear of the Trench, but sometimes at the frontline , forward, so that men did not linger longer than was necessary.
What did rations in the trenches consist of? 'Maconchie's meat stew' and hard biscuits was a meal that many soldiers ate. Sadly, the meat was mostly fat.
What does "MANIA" stand for? Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, and Autocracy.
What does "Hun" mean? The word "Hun" is a derogatory term used to refer to Germans.

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